4. How can you tell whether an Afghan rug was made in Afghanistan or Pakistan?

At the present time, it cannot be known which Afghan rugs are actually made in Afghanistan and which are made in Pakistan by Afghan refugees. Because of the war, very few rugs are shipped directly from Afghanistan to the United States or Europe today. Instead, most are transported to Pakistan and then shipped abroad. So both Afghan rugs made in Pakistan and Afghan rugs made in Afghanistan are shipped from Pakistan, making it impossible to determine where a particular Afghan rug was actually woven.